Sponge City: Resilient Cities, Urban Planning and Catchment Risk Assessment

Summary

Sponge city Kajiado: The overarching goal of the programme is to alleviate water scarcity in Kajiado Town through the creation of a sponge city. A sponge city holds, cleans and drains water in a natural way using measures that fall broadly under the 3R approach. A sponge city also creatively adjusts the environmental flows to increase investment in sustainable water and decrease pollution of the towns resource.
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Magepanda: Catchment Risk Assessment and Catchment Management Planning

Summary

The Dagesime Magepanda Matchcent (DAS) is located on Flores Island in Indonesia Nusa Tenggara Timur Province. In this project the cause of current flooding, reduced water availability and proposes mitigations and strategies for lobby and advocacy at the level of the local government were addressed. The report was the final outcome of an field assessment in which all relevant stakeholders in the area were interviewed and opportunities within the landscape were identified with help of focus group discussions.
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The Rwambu Environmental Sustainability Pilot

Summary

Earth is Earth and WASH is WASH and never the twain shall meet (to paraphrase Kiplings ballad of East and West). In development work the sectoral approach to WASH and land use management tended to be looked at as different and exclusive programs. And yet in real life the water problems are connected with land problems. sanitation problems and with nature problems, the same in Rwambu, Western Uganda.
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3R in Bangladesh : Research on the Potential of Water Recharge, Retention and Reuse Options to Enhance Fresh Water Availability in Bangladesh

Summary

Dry season in Bangladesh causes water crisis. In Bangladesh due to high salinity in surface and groundwater, people are facing acute water crisis in many areas of the coastal region and hence, are looking for alternatives. To address the water crisis in this region, where rainfall is abundant, 3R options (water recharge, retention and reuse) are often thought as a potential solution. 3R options can increase water storage capacity and improve water availability throughout the season.
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Rain 4 Sales Uganda

Summary

Testing the business case for rainwater harvesting installations and selling its stored (rain)water through local entrepreneurs in Uganda.
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Program for Communal Watershed Management of the Goascoran catchment in Honduras

Summary

The ‘dry corridor’, that covers most of Honduras’ southern region, is highly vulnerable to climate change. Small-scale farmer families of the region depend on the availability of natural resources. However, they are the ones mostly affected by prolonged dry spells and water scarcity. This leads to a progressive increase in both the severity and the number of families affected by food insecurity. Remedy for these areas often stagnates, due to Honduras’ weak institutional structure, an elevated poverty rate and a high-risk security situation. The Program for Communal Watershed Management of the Goascoran catchment (‘Programa de Gestion Comunitaria de Cuenca – PGCC’) seeks to alleviate this situation with adequate Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction measures and strengthening local governance structures for integrated catchment management.
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Learning Financial Sustainability – Landscape Canvas

Summary

Business cases offer great opportunities to realise access to water, while at the same time help restoring or conserving landscapes. But how to (locally) finance WASH services in landscape programmes? And how to provide solutions and mechanisms that are able to scale up? The Finance & Business Case approach helps to answer these questions and offers tangible tools and methods to create a workable approach that focuses on local financial sustainability. The business case of land and water, aims to increase the appreciation, valuation and monetisation of natural resources by the market. Also, as private businesses play an important role in markets, this approach will lead to engagement of the private sector in land and water management activities on the ground. This is where RAINs Finance & Business Case approach comes in.
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Environmental Sustainability of WASH Programs

Summary

While we make sure current generations can increasingly make use of safe WASH facilities and services supply, we mustn’t forget about future generations. This means that the only way to set up sustainable water and sanitation, is doing so without degrading the environment. This approach takes into account the mutual interdependence between the ecosystem and the community. It therefore looks for environmentally sustainable solutions, making sure the E of our FIETS approach is covered. In creating safe and sustainable WASH for all, it is really important to keep the environment healthy for its residents.
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