Like most of the water in the world, the water of the Lokok and the Lokere catchment likes to move and flow downstream crossing several districts. In the upper catchments of these rivers, dusty bushlands and hills of Karamoja, rainfall can limit itself to 500 mm a year, which falls in torrential storms often taking tons of fertile soil with it into the river. A few weeks later this same water adds to the floods of the Iteso area. Then again a few weeks or months later, the districts of Kotido, Kaabong and Moroto are dry and dusty and the herders move further to the west to find water.
Problems flow with water, not districts or county borders.
The Ministry of Water and Environment Uganda is currently rolling out a program to establish Catchment Management Organizations to address issues of water management beyond the scope of individual districts.
Following from the reputation of RAIN in implementing Catchment Based Water Resource Management in Rwambu and Rain’s earlier work in the Dopeth catchment in Karamoja for Cordaid we took in a consortium led by Cordaid and financed by GIZ to assist the CMOs in establishing catchment management.
Currently we work on the solutions for specific issues which affect these two catchments based on factors such as land use, slope, ecosystems and hydrogeology. From these issues we will develop options and scenarios for the CMOs to work with. For example, we see an opportunity to reduce erosion by the spreading of grazing and traditional rangeland management. By promoting more valley tanks in specific areas the pressure on the eroded areas can reduce. Then promoting traditional forms of rangeland rehabilitation can decrease overgrazing and thereby decrease erosion. This in turn will reduce the siltation of the wetlands all the way down in Teso, which contribute to the flooding.
Kyoga Water Management Zone (KWMZ)
Directorate of Water Resources Management (DWRM)
Ministry of Water & Environment (MWE)
Republic of Uganda
Co-funded by German Development Cooperation and DFID (under its Enhancing Resilience in Karamoja Project), implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für International Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH